# indexer command reference¶

indexer is the first of the two principal tools as part of Manticore. Invoked from either the command line directly, or as part of a larger script, indexer is solely responsible for gathering the data that will be searchable.

The calling syntax for indexer is as follows:

indexer [OPTIONS] [indexname1 [indexname2 [...]]]


Essentially you would list the different possible indexes (that you would later make available to search) in sphinx.conf, so when calling indexer, as a minimum you need to be telling it what index (or indexes) you want to index.

If sphinx.conf contained details on 2 indexes, mybigindex and mysmallindex, you could do the following:

$indexer mybigindex$ indexer mysmallindex mybigindex


As part of the configuration file, sphinx.conf, you specify one or more indexes for your data. You might call indexer to reindex one of them, ad-hoc, or you can tell it to process all indexes - you are not limited to calling just one, or all at once, you can always pick some combination of the available indexes.

The exit codes are as follows:

• 0, everything went ok
• 1, there was a problem while indexing (and if –rotate was specified, it was skipped)
• 2, indexing went ok, but –rotate attempt failed

The majority of the options for indexer are given in the configuration file, however there are some options you might need to specify on the command line as well, as they can affect how the indexing operation is performed. These options are:

• --config <file> (-c <file> for short) tells indexer to use the given file as its configuration. Normally, it will look for sphinx.conf in the installation directory (e.g. /usr/local/sphinx/etc/sphinx.conf if installed into /usr/local/sphinx), followed by the current directory you are in when calling indexer from the shell. This is most of use in shared environments where the binary files are installed somewhere like /usr/local/sphinx/ but you want to provide users with the ability to make their own custom Manticore set-ups, or if you want to run multiple instances on a single server. In cases like those you could allow them to create their own sphinx.conf files and pass them to indexer with this option. For example:

$indexer --config /home/myuser/sphinx.conf myindex  • --all tells indexer to update every index listed in sphinx.conf, instead of listing individual indexes. This would be useful in small configurations, or cron-type or maintenance jobs where the entire index set will get rebuilt each day, or week, or whatever period is best. Example usage: $ indexer --config /home/myuser/sphinx.conf --all

• --rotate is used for rotating indexes. Unless you have the situation where you can take the search function offline without troubling users, you will almost certainly need to keep search running whilst indexing new documents. --rotate creates a second index, parallel to the first (in the same place, simply including .new in the filenames). Once complete, indexer notifies searchd via sending the SIGHUP signal, and searchd will attempt to rename the indexes (renaming the existing ones to include .old and renaming the .new to replace them), and then start serving from the newer files. Depending on the setting of seamless_rotate, there may be a slight delay in being able to search the newer indexes. Example usage:

$indexer --rotate --all  • --quiet tells indexer not to output anything, unless there is an error. Again, most used for cron-type, or other script jobs where the output is irrelevant or unnecessary, except in the event of some kind of error. Example usage: $ indexer --rotate --all --quiet

• --noprogress does not display progress details as they occur; instead, the final status details (such as documents indexed, speed of indexing and so on are only reported at completion of indexing. In instances where the script is not being run on a console (or ‘tty’), this will be on by default. Example usage:

$indexer --rotate --all --noprogress  • --buildstops <outputfile.text> <N> reviews the index source, as if it were indexing the data, and produces a list of the terms that are being indexed. In other words, it produces a list of all the searchable terms that are becoming part of the index. Note; it does not update the index in question, it simply processes the data ‘as if’ it were indexing, including running queries defined with sql_query_pre or sql_query_post. outputfile.txt will contain the list of words, one per line, sorted by frequency with most frequent first, and N specifies the maximum number of words that will be listed; if sufficiently large to encompass every word in the index, only that many words will be returned. Such a dictionary list could be used for client application features around “Did you mean…” functionality, usually in conjunction with --buildfreqs, below. Example: $ indexer myindex --buildstops word_freq.txt 1000


This would produce a document in the current directory, word_freq.txt with the 1,000 most common words in ‘myindex’, ordered by most common first. Note that the file will pertain to the last index indexed when specified with multiple indexes or --all (i.e. the last one listed in the configuration file)

• --buildfreqs works with --buildstops (and is ignored if --buildstops is not specified). As --buildstops provides the list of words used within the index, --buildfreqs adds the quantity present in the index, which would be useful in establishing whether certain words should be considered stopwords if they are too prevalent. It will also help with developing “Did you mean…” features where you can how much more common a given word compared to another, similar one. Example:

$indexer myindex --buildstops word_freq.txt 1000 --buildfreqs  This would produce the word_freq.txt as above, however after each word would be the number of times it occurred in the index in question. • --merge <dst-index> <src-index> is used for physically merging indexes together, for example if you have a main+delta scheme, where the main index rarely changes, but the delta index is rebuilt frequently, and --merge would be used to combine the two. The operation moves from right to left - the contents of src-index get examined and physically combined with the contents of dst-index and the result is left in dst-index. In pseudo-code, it might be expressed as: dst-index += src-index An example: $ indexer --merge main delta --rotate


In the above example, where the main is the master, rarely modified index, and delta is the less frequently modified one, you might use the above to call indexer to combine the contents of the delta into the main index and rotate the indexes.

• --merge-dst-range <attr> <min> <max> runs the filter range given upon merging. Specifically, as the merge is applied to the destination index (as part of --merge, and is ignored if --merge is not specified), indexer will also filter the documents ending up in the destination index, and only documents will pass through the filter given will end up in the final index. This could be used for example, in an index where there is a ‘deleted’ attribute, where 0 means ‘not deleted’. Such an index could be merged with:

\$ indexer --merge main delta --merge-dst-range deleted 0 0


Any documents marked as deleted (value 1) would be removed from the newly-merged destination index. It can be added several times to the command line, to add successive filters to the merge, all of which must be met in order for a document to become part of the final index.

• --merge-killlists (and its shorter alias --merge-klists) changes the way kill lists are processed when merging indexes. By default, both kill lists get discarded after a merge. That supports the most typical main+delta merge scenario. With this option enabled, however, kill lists from both indexes get concatenated and stored into the destination index. Note that a source (delta) index kill list will be used to suppress rows from a destination (main) index at all times.

• --keep-attrs allows to reuse existing attributes on reindexing. Whenever the index is rebuilt, each new document id is checked for presence in the “old” index, and if it already exists, its attributes are transferred to the “new” index; if not found, attributes from the new index are used. If the user has updated attributes in the index, but not in the actual source used for the index, all updates will be lost when reindexing; using –keep-attrs enables saving the updated attribute values from the previous index. It is possible to specify a path for index files to used instead of reference path from config:

indexer myindex --keep-attrs=/path/to/index/files

• --keep-attrs-names=<attributes list> allows to specify attributes to reuse from existing index on reindexing. By default all attributes from existed index reused at new “index”

indexer myindex --keep-attrs=/path/to/index/files --keep-attrs-names=update,state

• --dump-rows <FILE> dumps rows fetched by SQL source(s) into the specified file, in a MySQL compatible syntax. Resulting dumps are the exact representation of data as received by indexer and help to repeat indexing-time issues.

• --verbose guarantees that every row that caused problems indexing (duplicate, zero, or missing document ID; or file field IO issues; etc) will be reported. By default, this option is off, and problem summaries may be reported instead.

• --sighup-each is useful when you are rebuilding many big indexes, and want each one rotated into searchd as soon as possible. With --sighup-each, indexer will send a SIGHUP signal to searchd after successfully completing the work on each index. (The default behavior is to send a single SIGHUP after all the indexes were built.)

• --nohup is useful when you want to check your index with indextool before actually rotating it. indexer won’t send SIGHUP if this option is on.

• --print-queries prints out SQL queries that indexer sends to the database, along with SQL connection and disconnection events. That is useful to diagnose and fix problems with SQL sources.